Panchkarma Treatments


VAMANA: (Therapeutic vomiting or emesis therapy)

This therapy is for cleaning vitiated Doshas from the body per Urdhvabhaga (through oral route). It is a specific treatment for Kapha Doshas.

* Indication: Useful in diseases caused by excessive Kapha, respiratory congestion, asthma, bronchitis, chronic cold, sinusitis, psychiatric problems etc...

Benefits of Vamana:
  • Vamana karma induces lightness of chest.
  • Vamana karma promotes good voice and good appetite.
  • The sinuses are being cleared which interns providing relief.
  • Vamana karma reduces weight.
  • Vamana karma also reduces cholesterol and triglycerides.


VIRECHANA: (Therapeutic purgation)

Virechana means the process by which the vitiated Doshas are removed from the body per Adhobhaga (through Guda or the anus). It is a specific treatment for Paittik disorders. If Vamana karma is not needed, Virechana can be directly administrated after Purvakarma.

* Indication: Virechana cleanses the sweat glands, small intestine, colon, kidneys, stomach, liver, spleen etc... Virechana is used for treatment of skin diseases, chronic fever, piles, abdominal tumors, worms, gout, jaundice, G.I. problems, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome.

Benefits of Virechana:

  • Virechana removes toxins from the body which interns promote good health.
  • It detoxifies the toxins from the liver and hence regulates proper metabolism.
  • It reduces the weight by removing the excessive fat from the body.



BASTI:(Medicated enema)

Basti consists of the introduction of suitable medicaments in the form of enema through rectal, vaginal or urethral routes. Decoction of herbs, medicated oils etc. can be used for Basti material.

* Indication: Basti is used to cure motor neuron disorders, Parkinson’s disease, inter vertebral discs prolapsed, arthritis, sciatica, rheumatism, gout, sexual problems, constipation, kidney stones, cardiac problems, neurodegenerative conditions etc.

Benefits of Basti:

  • Basti helps to restore intestinal activity into proper functioning.
  • Basti reduces weight by extracting the excessive fat from the abdomen.
  • According to Ayurveda, Basti is a half of all treatments or karmas.



NASYA OR SHIROVIRECHANA:(therapy or nasal administration)

According to Ayurveda, nose is a gateway to the brain. It enhances the memory and activity and functions of brain. In Nasya, herbal medicated oil or liquids are administrated into the nostril. It alleviates Kapha oriented disorders.

* Indication: It is useful in ear, eye, nose and throat disorders such as migraine, sinusitis, catarrh and bronchitis. Nasya is indicated for dryness of the nose, hoarseness of voice, headache, neurodegenerative conditions, convulsions, sinus congestion and certain eye and ear problems.

Benefits of Nasya:

  • Nasya karma provides strength to scalp (bone, joint, tendon, nerves).
  • Improves voice.
  • Improves the functions of five senses.
  • Delays aging process.
  • Enhances pleasant oral smell.
  • Promotes healthy hair and prevents hair falling and premature graying and cracking of hair.
  • Nasya also corrects the disorders of Prana affecting the higher cerebral, sensory and motor functions.



RAKTAMOKSHANA:(Blood letting)

Raktamokshana is blood purifying process. In Ayurveda, the blood is said to be carrier of Ayu (life). When toxins appear due to excess Pitta, they concentrate in the blood. Good blood, free from toxins and waste products, sustain life and helps maintain the physiological balance necessary for health. Although Raktamokshana is the most limited of the five major procedures, it provides a rapid and sometimes dramatic reduction of symptoms in certain acute disorders.

* Indication: Raktamokshana successfully treats blood related disease like chronic urticaria, eczema, rashes, leukoderma, enlarged liver or spleen, gout, hemochromatosis and some types of headache and hypertension.

Benefits of Raktamokshana:

  • Raktamokshana helps to maintain the physiological balance.
  • It helps to clean vitiated Pitta Doshas from blood.
  • It provides a rapid reduction of symptoms in certain acute disorders.



OTHER MISCELLANEOUS THERAPIES:



ABHYANGA:

Specially made oils extracted from various herbs are massaged everyday for 45 minutes on the body with different strokes that increase blood circulation. Abhyanga is usually done as pre – procedure for many therapies as well as a separate therapy in itself.

* Indication: useful in obesity, insomnia, blood pressure, Spondylitis, fatigue, rejuvenation, vigor and vitality.

Benefits of Abhyanga:

  • It relaxes the body and relieves vata Doshas in the body tiredness.
  • It enhances the age and reduces wrinkles.
  • It relieves vata Dosha in the body.
  • It nourishes skin and impacts glossy and softness of the skin.
  • It enhances the sexual power.
  • It strengthens the muscles.
  • It improves the circulation of blood.
  • It enhances smoothness in the body.



UDVARTANA: (Deep and dry massage of herbal powder)

Udvartana is a massage that is known for having a stimulating effect of the follicles of hair & subcutaneous tissues of fat.


* Indication: Obesity, high cholesterol, hemiplegia, joint stiffness, skin diseases, impaired blood circulation


Benefits of Udvartana:

  • Reduces excess fat in body.
  • Improves the skin complexion.
  • Exfoliates dead skin.
  • Prevents and reduces wrinkles.
  • Eliminates the bad odour due to excess sweating or other reasons.
  • Promotes healthy skin.
  • Reduces excess sweating and discoloration of skin.
  • Gives stability and lightness to the body.
  • Vitalizes and rejuvenates the body.



SARVANGA DHARA OR PIZHICHIL:

Slow stream of lukewarm herbal oils are applied / poured on the entire body in a specific rhythmic movement with gentle massage.

* Indication: rheumatic diseases, arthritis, paralysis, hemiplegia, paraplegia, sexual weakness, excessive perspiration, alcoholism..

Benefits of Sarvangdhara:

  • Pizhichil slows down aging process.
  • It nourishes and strengthens nervous system.



SHIRODHARA:

In this procedure herbal oil or medicated buttermilk or decoction or milk are poured on the forehead by specific method. It helps in rejuvenating and revitalizing the body and mind.

* Indication: Useful in stress related problems, hair problems, headache, migraine, Insomnia, depression, hormonal imbalance, certain skin problems.

Benefits of Shirodhara:

  • Acts as a sedative and soothing effect to the brain and induces sleep by its Medhya effect.
  • Fantastic results for deep relaxation and inner peace.
  • Improves the functions of five senses.
  • Improves the quality of voice.
  • It prevents exhaustion.
  • Prevents hair lose, premature graying and cracking of hair and baldness.
  • Nourishes and rejuvenates the body.
  • Strengthen neck and head.
  • Improvement in memory.
  • Helps relaxing the nervous system and reduces pain.



SHIROBASTI:

Lukewarm medicated herbal oil is poured into a cap fitted on the head which is allowed to keep for an indicated period of therapy.

* Indication: Useful in lack of sleep, facial paralysis, dryness of nostril, mouth and throat, severe headache, hair fall, neurological and psychiatric problems.




NAVARKIZI: (Shasthik Shali Pinda Sweda)

In this treatment a bolus bag of special variety of rice (Shasthik Shali) cooked in milk and herbal decoction is massaged on the whole body or any specific part.

* Indication: Useful in curing disorders of muscle like muscular dystrophies, atrophies, motor neuron diseases, hemiplegia, frozen shoulders etc....

Benefits of Navarkizi:

  • By cleansing the circulatory channels, it improves blood supply to all over body.
  • Promotes digestion.
  • It removes metabolic waste from the body.
  • Restores vigor.
  • Softens the body by improving the health of the skin.
  • Promotes efficient functions of the sense organs.
  • Nourishes the body.
  • Increases the immunity.



KATIBASTI:

A round shaped or a vertebral column shaped herbal paste wall is prepared over a specific part of lumber vertebras or over whole spinal column as per need. Then lukewarm herbal oil is poured in it for specific time.

* Indication: low back pain, back pain. Sciatica, Osteoporosis, lumber spondilitis

Benefits of Katibasti:

  • Relieves chronic and acute back pain.
  • Useful for prolapsed disc.
  • Balances the Vata and nourishes the inter vertebral disc.
  • Strengthens muscles.
  • Revitalizes the Apana Vayu.



JANUBASTI:

Herbal paste wall is prepared over the knee joint. Specially medicated oil is poured and kept in this wall for a specific time.

* Indication: Arthritis, degenerative changes of knee joint, osteoarthritis..

Benefits of Janubasti:

  • Relieves cracking of the knee joints and prevents further damage.
  • Helps to prevent degenerative changes of knee joint.



GREEVA BASTI:

In this treatment, warm medicated oil is retained over the cervical region for specific time.

* Indication: Useful in cervical pain, cervical spondylitis, inter vertebral space reduction.

Benefits of Greeva Basti:

  • Gives immediate results in pain and stiffness.
  • Loosens stiff joints.
  • Enhances the lubricant effect to the cervical vertebras by giving smoothness.
  • Nourishes the cartilage bones.
  • Improves the cushion action in between two vertebral bodies.



NETRA TARPANA OR AKSHITARPANA:

This treatment is done by keeping medicated oil or ghrit in a round herbal paste wall around the eye ball for specific time.

* Indication: Eye strain due to pollution and watching television or computer, tired eye, burning sensation of eye, dimness of vision at night, roughness or stiffness of eye, squint eye, difficulty in opening the eye, sub-conjunctival hemorrhage, glaucoma, loss of secretion of lacrimal fluid, blurred vision etc..

Benefits of Netratarpan:

  • Gives a cooling effect to the eyes.
  • Strengthens optic nerves and muscles of eyes.
  • Improves eyesight and relieves stress.
  • Prevents eye diseases.



KARNAPURAN:

In this treatment medicated warm oil is poured in the ear and kept for a specific time.

* Indication: Dryness of ears or nose, ear pain, tinnitus, tingling sensation in the ear.

Benefits of Karnapurana:

  • Prevents the occurrence of Vata disorders.
  • Relieves the pain in ear.
  • Alleviates pain in neck.
  • Prevents the contractions of neck and jaw.



HRIDBASTI OR UROBASTI:

This treatment is done by keeping medicated oil, ghrit or decoction of herbs over heart region in round wall prepared by herbal paste for specific time.

* Indication: Angina, asthma, other respiratory problem, chest pain…

Benefits of Urobasti:

  • Strengthens heart and chest muscles.
  • Promotes lightness of chest.